1945 During World War II, U.S. Marines on Iwo Jima captured Mount Suribachi, where they raised the American flag.
1847 The Battle of Buena Vista took place during the Mexican-American War. U.S. troops led by General Zachary Taylor fought Mexican General Santa Anna's forces, who ended up withdrawing.
1916 French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun.
1942 Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood CA.
1967 US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War.
1969 Nayif Hawatimah forms Democratic People's Front for Liberation of Palestine.
1997 Ali Abu Kamal opens fire in Empire State Building & kills 1.
2007 Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport became the first in the United States to begin testing new X-ray screening technology that can see through people's clothes.
1887 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die.
1980 Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-million-gallon spill.
1998 Forty-two people were killed, some 2,600 homes and businesses damaged or destroyed, by tornadoes in central Florida.
2003 In West Warwick, R.I., relatives of the 100 victims of a deadly nightclub fire were allowed to walk up to the charred rubble to pray and say goodbye.
1994 Stuart Berger doctor (Immune Power Diet), dies from obesity at 40.
1836 the siege of the Alamo began in San Antonio, entire garrison eventually killed.
1922 Henri Landru executed for having 11 wives, in France.
1993 Gary Coleman wins $1,280,000 lawsuit against parents for high fees.
1910 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia).
1936 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake NY.
1915 Nevada enforces convenient divorce law.
1973 Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London.
2007 Democrat Tom Vilsack abandoned his bid for the presidency.
1903 Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA.
1971 George Harrison is fined & his driving license is suspended for 1 year as a result of several speeding tickets and a dispute with the police.
1983 USFL New Jersey Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 million).
1985 Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight throws a chair during a game.
1861 By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from US.
1987 Supernova 1987A in LMC 1st seen; 1st naked-eye supernova since 1604
1906 Johann Hoch US murderer, executed.
1939 Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St Louis, to become wrestling champion.
1874 Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
1970 Rumors spread that females born on this day were better looking and more vivacious.
1886 London Times publishes world's 1st classified ad.
1947 General Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170 million in aid for European Jews.
1896 Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield.
1958 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels.
155 Polycarp disciple of Apostle John, arrested & burned at stake.
1919 Benito Mussolini founds the Fascist party of Italy.
1861 President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrived secretly in Washington to take office, following word of an assassination plot in Baltimore.
1870 Mississippi was readmitted to the Union.
303 Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians.
1954 The first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh.
1981 an attempted coup began in Spain as 200 members of the Civil Guard invaded the Parliament, taking lawmakers hostage. (However, the attempt collapsed 18 hours later.)
1997 Scientists in Scotland announced they had succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named Dolly. (Dolly, however, was later put down after a short life marred by premature aging and disease.)
2007 A Mississippi grand jury refused to bring any new charges in the 1955 slaying of Emmett Till, a black teenager who was beaten and shot after whistling at a white woman, declining to indict the woman, Carolyn Bryant Donham, for manslaughter.
1633 English diarist Samuel Pepys (The Great Fire of London) was born in London.
1865 Barney Dreyfuss baseball owner (Pittsburgh Pirates).
Country songwriter Bob Willis is 74. Actor Peter Fonda is 68. Author John Sandford is 64. Singer-musician Johnny Winter is 64. Country-rock musician Rusty Young is 62. Actress Patricia Richardson is 57. Rock musician Brad Whitford (Aerosmith) is 56. Singer Howard Jones is 53. Rock musician Michael Wilton (Queensryche) is 46. Country singer Dusty Drake is 44. Actress Kristin Davis is 43. Tennis player Helena Sukova is 43. Actor Marc Price is 40. Actress Niecy Nash is 38. Rock musician Jeff Beres (Sister Hazel) is 37. Country singer Steve Holy is 36. Rock musician Lasse Johansson (The Cardigans) is 35. Actress Dakota Fanning is 14.
1848 The 6th president of the United States, John Quincy Adams, died in Washington, D.C., at age 80.
1884 Tambo Tambo Australian aboriginal/US circus attraction, dies at 23.
February 23, the 54th day of 2008. There are 312 days left in the year.
compiled by Mondoreb
* Today in History
* Today in History
Death by 1000 Papercuts Front Page.