1968 during the Vietnam War, South Vietnam's police chief executed a Viet Cong officer with a pistol shot to the head in a scene captured by Associated Press photographer Eddie Adams and NBC News.
1861 Texas voted to secede from the Union.
1865 General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins.
1943 German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier.
2007 The departing top U.S. commander in Iraq, Gen. George Casey, told the Senate Armed Services Committee that improving security in Baghdad would take fewer than half as many extra troops as President Bush had chosen to commit.
1979 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini received a tumultuous welcome in Tehran as he ended nearly 15 years of exile.
2007 President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad launched anniversary celebrations for Iran's Islamic Revolution with a defiant promise to push ahead with the country's controversial nuclear program.
1814 Volcano Mayon on Luzon Philippines erupts killing 1,200.
1953 Flooding in Netherlands, kills 1,835.
1967 Severe brush fires in Tasmania destroy $11 million & 60 lives.
1970 Stalled commuter train rammed by express in Argentina, 139 die.
1977 Heavy blizzard in New England claims 100 lives.
1991 34 people were killed when a USAir jetliner crashed atop a commuter plane on a runway at Los Angeles International Airport.
1991 Afghanistan/Pakistan hit by earthquake, 1,200 die.
2003 At least 50 people were killed in a Zimbabwe train collision.
2003 The space shuttle Columbia broke up during re-entry, killing all seven of its crew members: Commander Rick Husband; pilot William McCool; Michael Anderson; Kalpana Chawla; David Brown; Laurel Clark; and Ilan Ramon, the first Israeli in space.
1998 In a round of Sunday talk show appearances, Monica Lewinsky's attorney, William Ginsburg, predicted that the controversy over whether the former White House intern had had an affair with President Bill Clinton would "go away" and that the president would survive unscathed.
1966 Nicholas Piantanida sets balloon flight record & dies in descent.
1709 British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island (Fernandez Island) for 5 years, his story is the inspiration for Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe".
1920 The Royal Canadian Mounted Police came into existence.
1969 Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself in concert.
1974 Lynda Ann Healy 1st Bundy murder victim, abducted in Seattle.
1662 Dutch garrison on Formosa surrenders for Chinese pirates.
1906 1st federal penitentiary building completed, Leavenworth KS.
1793 Patent granted Ralph Hodgson, New York, for oiled silk & linen.
1978 Director Roman Polanski skips bail & fled to France after pleading guilty to charges of engaging in sex with a 13-year-old girl.
1949 RCA releases 1st single record ever (45 rpm).
1975 Otis Francis Tabler is 1st open homosexual to get security clearance to work for the Defense Department.
1953 "General Electric Theater" premieres on CBS TV; Reagan later hosts.
1946 Norwegian statesman Trygve Lie was chosen to be the first secretary-general of the United Nations.
1958 The United Arab Republic, a union of Egypt and Syria, was established. (The union ended in 1961.)
1887 Harvey Wilcox of Kansas subdivides 120 acres he owned in Southern California & starts selling it off as a real estate development (Hollywood).
1860 1st rabbi to open House of Representatives, Morris Raphall of New York NY.
1948 Palestine Post building in Jerusalem bombed.
1865 JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Court, admitted to bar.
1871 Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Representatives (opposing leniency to former Confederates).
1960 Four black college students began a sit-in protest at a lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C., where they had been refused service.
1965 Martin Luther King Jr & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma AL.
1968 Richard M. Nixon announced his bid for the Republican presidential nomination.
1908 Carlos I King of Portugal (1889-1908), assassinated by mob at 44.
1867 Bricklayers start working 8-hour days.
1901 Clark Gable Cadiz OH, actor (Gone With the Wind).
Actor Stuart Whitman is 80. Singer Don Everly is 71. Actor Garrett Morris is 71. Singer Ray Sawyer (Dr. Hook and the Medicine Show) is 71. Actor Sherman Hemsley is 70. Bluegrass singer Del McCoury is 69. Jazz musician Joe Sample is 69. Comedian Terry Jones is 66. Actor-writer-producer Bill Mumy is 54. Rock musician Mike Campbell (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers) is 54. Rock singer Exene Cervenka is 52. Princess Stephanie of Monaco is 43. Country musician Dwayne Dupuy (Ricochet) is 43. Actress Sherilyn Fenn is 43. Lisa Marie Presley is 40. Comedian and actor Pauly Shore is 40. Actor Brian Krause is 39. Jazz musician Joshua Redman is 39. Rock musician Patrick Wilson (Weezer) is 39. Actor Michael C. Hall is 37. Rock musician Ron Welty is 37. Rapper Big Boi (Outkast) is 33. Country singer Julie Roberts is 29. Actor Jarrett Lennon is 26.
1650 Rene Descartes philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking.
1851 Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley novelist (Frankenstein), dies at 53.
1966 Buster Keaton [Joseph Francis], US comic (General), dies at 69.
1988 Heather O'Rourke "Poltergeist" star dies of intestinal ailment at 12.
2003 Former Agriculture Secretary Richard Lyng died in Modesto, Calif., at age 84.
2007 Pulitzer Prize-winning opera composer Gian Carlo Menotti died in Monaco at age 95.
February 1, the 32nd day of 2008. There are 334 days left in the year.
compiled by Mondoreb
* Today in History
* Today in History
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