1981 Iran released 52 Americans it had held hostage for 444 days, minutes after the presidency had passed from Jimmy Carter to Ronald Reagan.
1987 Anglican Church envoy Terry Waite taken hostage in Beirut, Lebanon.
1783 Hostilities cease in Revolutionary War.
1944 RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin.
1991 US Patriot missiles begins shooting down Iraqi missiles.
2003 Secretary of State Colin Powell, faced with stiff resistance and calls to go slow, bluntly told the Security Council that the U.N. "must not shrink" from its responsibility to disarm Saddam Hussein's Iraq.
2007 Twenty-five U.S. troops were killed in Iraq, including 12 in a helicopter crash in Baghdad and five in a sophisticated sneak attack in Karbala.
1982 7 miners killed in an explosion in Craynor KY.
1985 Cold front strikes US, at least 40 die (-27ºF (-33ºC) in Chicago).
2007 Kansas Sen. Sam Brownback began a long-shot bid for the Republican presidential nomination (he withdrew last October).
1964 "Meet The Beatles" album released in US
1965 The Byrds record "Mr Tambourine Man"
1989 Reagan becomes 1st President elected in a "0" year, since 1840, to leave office alive.
1788 Pioneer African Baptist church organizes in Savannah GA.
1949 J Edgar Hoover gives Shirley Temple a tear gas fountain pen.
1801 Secretary of State John Marshall was nominated by President Adams to be chief justice of the United States (he was sworn in on Feb. 4, 1801).
1841 the island of Hong Kong was ceded by China to Great Britain. (It returned to Chinese control in July 1997.)
1887 the U.S. Senate approved an agreement to lease Pearl Harbor in Hawaii as a naval base.
1937 President Franklin Roosevelt became the first chief executive to be inaugurated on Jan. 20 instead of March 4.
1945 President Roosevelt was sworn into office for an unprecedented fourth term.
1969 Richard M Nixon inaugurated as President.
1981 Ronald Reagan inaugurated as President.
1989 Bush inaugurated as 41st President & Quayle becomes 44th Vice President.
1862 General Felix Zollicoffer killed after mistakenly riding into union lines.
1980 President Jimmy Carter announces US boycott of Olympics in Moscow.
1997 Comet Hale-Bopp crosses Mars' orbit.
1929 1st feature talking motion picture taken outdoors, "In Old Arizona".
1930 1st radio broadcast of "Lone Ranger" (WXYZ-Detroit).
1965 The Beatles appear on Shindig (ABC-TV).
1939 Hitler proclaims to German parliament to exterminate all European Jews.
1942 Nazi officials held the notorious Wannsee conference, during which they arrived at their "final solution" that called for exterminating Jews.
1965 Generalissimo Francisco Franco meets with Jewish representatives to discuss legitimizing Jewish communities in Spain.
1995 Russian ruble drops to 3,947 per dollar (record).
1892 1st basketball game played (Massachusetts).
1980 Super Bowl XIV Pittsburgh Steelers beat Los Angeles Rams, 31-19 in Pasadena; Super Bowl MVP Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, Quarterback.
1993 Bill Clinton inaugurated as 42nd President.
2007 Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, D-N.Y., launched her campaign for the White House, saying in a videotaped messsage on her Web site: "I'm in, and I'm in to win."
1948 Mahatma Gandhi India's pacifist, assassinated.
1986, the United States observed the first federal holiday in honor of slain civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr.
1959 Carl Switzer actor (Alfalfa-Our Gang), shot to death at 31.
1986 Britain and France announced plans to build the Channel Tunnel.
1984 Peter John [Johnny] Weissmuller actor (Tarzan, Jungle Jim), dies after a series of strokes in Acapulco at 79
1998 A jury was selected in Amarillo, Texas, to hear a multi-million-dollar lawsuit filed by Texas cattlemen against talk show host Oprah Winfrey over comments made on her program concerning beef safety. (Winfrey won the case.)
1889 Huddie "Leadbelly" Ledbetter Mooringsport LA, blues 12 string guitarist (Rock Island Line).
1920 DeForest Kelley Atlanta GA, actor (Dr McCoy-Star Trek).
Country singer Slim Whitman is 84. Actress Patricia Neal is 82. Comedian Arte Johnson is 79. Former astronaut Buzz Aldrin is 78. Actress Dorothy Provine is 71. Singer Eric Stewart is 63. Movie director David Lynch is 62. Actor Daniel Benzali is 58. Rock musician Paul Stanley (KISS) is 56. Rock musician Ian Hill (Judas Priest) is 56. Comedian Bill Maher is 52. Actor Lorenzo Lamas is 50. Actor James Denton ("Desperate Housewives") is 45. Rock musician Greg K. (The Offspring) is 43. Country singer John Michael Montgomery is 43. Actor Rainn Wilson ("The Office) is 42. Actress Stacey Dash is 41. TV personality Melissa Rivers is 40. Singer Xavier is 40. Singer Edwin McCain is 38. Actor Skeet Ulrich is 38. Rap musician ?uestlove (The Roots) is 37. Rock musician Rob Bourdon (Linkin Park) is 29. Actor Evan Peters is 21.
1936 Britain's King George V died; he was succeeded by Edward VIII.
2003 Caricaturist Al Hirschfeld died in New York at age 99.
2003 Pollster Burns W. "Bud" Roper died on Cape Cod, Mass., at age 77.
January 20, the 20th day of 2008. There are 346 days left in the year.
compiled by Mondoreb
* Today in History
* Today in History
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